Dept of Computer Science

Technical Staff

How do I logout?

Last updated: July 31st, 2013 04:56 PM

Logging out depends on the UNIX shell (command line parser) and/or the windowing system (if logged in at a UNIX workstation) you are using.

By default, typing Control-D will exit any of the UNIX shells. In this case, Control-D indicates the end of file; here the end of the standard input (stdin) stream. Be careful when using programs that use Control-D to terminate; typing one too many Control-Ds may actually log you out of the system prematurely. Most UNIX shells allow this feature to be disabled by setting a shell variable called "ignoreeof". When set, the user must type exit or logout, depending on the shell, to either leave the current shell or logout of the machine completely.

The following table summarizes the different shells and their various means of termination: 


ignoreeof variable  logout command  exit command 
sh no no yes
ksh yes no yes
csh/tcsh  yes only for login shell  only for subshell 
bash yes only for login shell  yes